Too often the term metabolism is compared to a diet and sometimes even equated with it. However, these two terms should be kept apart. Metabolism, also called metabolism, is much more than a diet and determines our entire organism.  In this article we have summarized important information about metabolism. You will learn how it works and what is especially important for this process to run properly.

How does the metabolism work?

Surely you have heard countless times that in order to have energy, one should ingest individual macro- and micronutrients with the help of the right diet. However, few people know exactly what these nutrients are and how they need to be combined so that the process of metabolism will do its job and work properly. 

For the metabolism in the body to be able to supply the individual cells sufficiently, it must receive the necessary “material”. This material is utilized by our body and thus supports our cells in their function.

Through our food intake we give our body vitamins and various enzymes through which it produces hormones. These in turn are important for individual life processes in the various organ systems of the human body.

The necessary “material” for an intact function of our body, we provide each individual organ system through our nutrition. In order for us to have all the necessary vitamins and macronutrients in our body, we must take them in through wholesome food, fruit and vegetables. This includes healthy fats, as well as minerals and many other substances.

The term metabolism therefore refers to the utilization of all our meals and the accommodation or use of the individual substances we take.

All remaining non-usable substances are selected and excreted by the body. In this way our organism functions in our body, the individual organs, as well as the circulation. But be careful. The intake of too many vitamins, minerals and other substances is not beneficial. These are also not utilized by our body and are excreted again. 

Nevertheless, we should pay attention to the intake of vitamins, as our immune system needs them to initiate important processes. If we take in too much vitamin C and too few other vitamins, the remaining vitamin C is excreted again and the body continues to suffer from a lack of other vitamins.

The processes of metabolism:

The entire process of metabolism can be broken down into individual, smaller processes.

  1. the utilization of healthy fats
  2. the use of protein
  3. carbohydrates and their function in the body

The utilization of healthy fats

The individual fats primarily provide our body with energy. So that the body can always fall back on an energy base, fats are stored in the form of unwanted body fat. This is often noticed after a calorie-reduced diet. The body comes from a “hunger state” in which it has lost its fat reserves. If there is an increased intake of calories and fats, these are stored directly as body fat.

In order to keep the weight even after a diet, it is important to give the body the necessary fats even during a diet.

Our body also needs healthy fats in order to produce sufficient amounts of hormones and messenger substances. The absorbed fats first reach the stomach, where they are processed into fatty acids and glycerides. From there the individual substances migrate through the blood into the liver. 

If there are too many fats in the stomach, they are not converted into fatty acids and glycerides and the body stores the excess as body fat for a possible famine.

The use of protein

Proteins are also broken down in the process of digestion, into amino acids. Our body needs amino acids to build muscle tissue. In order for it to do this, the amino acids are also transported via the blood. Proteins also serve to build up enzymes and hormones. 

-> You can find out more about amino acids here.

Carbohydrates and their function in the body

Carbohydrates are the largest source of energy in our body. However, they are not used directly by the body, but have to be broken down into their constituent parts, like all other substances. In order for our body to use the carbohydrates, they are processed into glucose. After processing, the decomposed components also migrate through the blood to the individual cells, where they are burned by mixing them with oxygen. 

The liver is particularly important here. Our liver constantly supplies us with glucose, even if the food we eat does not provide enough carbohydrates. The liver has the ability to convert glucose into glycogen and thus store sufficient supplies. However, if we take in too much glucose, we are at risk of a fatty liver and also obesity, because the liver simply cannot process all the supplies we take in.

-> This principle is used in the ketogenic diet. Here you can learn interesting facts about the Ketogenic Diet.

How does the metabolism work when losing weight?

All the substances described above must therefore be taken in sufficient quantities.

The process of metabolism varies from person to person. Depending on how much energy is needed throughout the day, sufficient substances must also be taken in. 

For people who work in a sitting position or remain in a resting state for most of the day, the energy consumption is naturally lower. 

Therefore, every person should adapt his or her diet and energy consumption to individual needs. Too much sport in an active lifestyle can lead to overloading of the body and to tiredness and weakness attacks. Too little exercise with too much food intake leads in turn to obesity, mood swings or lack of concentration. To avoid all this, one should follow the daily demands and adapt the diet, as well as sport and exercise, to one’s own needs. All in healthy measures.

Stimulate metabolism - that's the right way to do it!

Sport boosts the metabolism. 

Sport not only consumes energy, but also builds up muscles. 

This is not only necessary in order to process the substances ingested and use them properly, but also to break down and eliminate unnecessary toxins from the body. 

Movement accelerates the process of metabolism. Through sport the blood circulates faster and therefore all substances reach the cells faster, are better utilized and new ones can be processed. Crash diets paralyse this process, the body stores most of its energy sources for the simple reason that it is afraid of periods of hunger. 

In order to maintain a healthy weight in the long term, it is therefore more beneficial to take more exercise in the long term and only consume as much as you can consume again during the day.

If you want to lose weight through healthy eating, it is not enough to reduce your intake to the bare essentials, as this can cause long-term damage to the body.